When you're under constant stress for a long time, it can begin to have a much bigger impact on your health than you might have imagined. High blood pressure is one such condition that can lead to serious health issues like kidney failure, heart failure etc.
In our fast moving life, it is often difficult to relax or remain tension free. We are always caught up with stress, be it at work or at home. The most worrying part is that stress has serious effects, not just on our mental health but also our physical health. One such disorder caused due to constant stress is high blood pressure or hypertension. And coping mechanisms such as consumption of excessive food, alcohol or other addictive substances may also increase the risk of hypertension.
According to Medical News Today, blood pressure is the amount of force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries as they flow through it. When this pressure goes up beyond the tolerable level, it causes serious health problems such as kidney failure, vision loss, stroke, etc. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 75 million people in the US are affected by high blood pressure. Apart from stress, it can be caused by poor diets, physical inactivity, activities such as smoking and drinking alcohol.
High BP known as the silent killer does not show any signs unless it becomes a hypertensive crisis where the blood pressure goes up to 180/120. Here are a few signs that you can watch out for:
According to the American Heart Association, dizziness is not caused by high blood pressure. However, it can be the side effect of a medication. But if you experience sudden dizziness, it should not be ignored as it can be the sign of a stroke. If you see that an individual has become dizzy, lost balance and has trouble walking then make sure you wait no more. Consult a doctor immediately.
When the blood vessels in the face dilate, it causes facial flushing. It can be caused due to the shoot up in blood pressure. Emotional stress, exposure to heat or hot water, alcohol consumption and exercise can all be causes for a sudden increase in hypertension. Though it means that your blood pressure is more than usual, high BP is not the direct cause of facial flushing says the American Heart Association.
If your heart feels like it is beating fast or fluttering or pounding you are experiencing heart palpitations. Though most of the times they can be harmless, it can be a sign of stroke which is caused due to high BP. According to the Mayo Clinic, high blood pressure can put pressure on your heart to work harder to pump blood to the rest of the body. This can increase the risks of heart attack, heart failure, and stroke.
High blood pressure can damage the vessels supplying blood to the retina. It can cause blurred vision, bleeding in the eye or even complete loss of vision according to Mayo clinic. People who suffer from diabetes and high blood pressure are at a higher risk than other people. According to WebMD, blurry vision can also be a sign of stroke that is caused due to high blood pressure.
Many times people do not experience any symptoms of high blood pressure. However, when they do, most people undergo a severe headache. High blood pressure causes a headache as it affects the blood-brain barrier. High blood pressure can lead to excess pressure on the brain that may further lead to blood leak and swelling. The swelling creates even more pressure on the brain which causes signs such as headaches, confusion, blurred vision, etc. Medications to lower blood pressure can relieve the person of the symptoms.
According to Cleveland Clinic, a condition called pulmonary hypertension can result in breathlessness. Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the loop of vessels connecting the heart and lungs. The first symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are usually short of breath. People undergoing this condition find it difficult to do daily activities such as climbing stairs. Dizziness, fatigue can also be other symptoms.